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Last updated: August 8, 2019 David Warner Parks (“us”, “we”, or “our”) operates this Elijah website (the “Service”). This page informs you of our policies regarding the collection, use and disclosure of Personal Information when you use our Service. We will not use or share your information with anyone except as described in this Privacy […]

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Elijah: a man of passions. An ancient story in today’s English. Teenage ELIJAH works in the family vineyard. While selling wine on the King’s Highway, he tries to rescue an Asherah slave girl and finds a knife at his throat. Months later, he dashes through the crowd to save a baby from being sacrificed to […]

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This story uses Americanisms. For instance little squirts, such as Zim, the widow’s son, address those they perceive as grownups as Mr. Nathan or Mr. Lijah. Not good Hebrew, right? The Hebrew naming scheme uses Ben (son of), so, if Elijah’s father’s name was Zadok, maybe the neighbors would have called the sons, Elijah ben Zadok […]

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Amore. “When the moon hits your eye like a big pizza pie…” Amore transforms Louisa Howerton’s desperate attempt to fan signal a friend across a ballroom floor into a flirtation with the mysterious Earl of Altamont. Engaged to the Enemy, by Gwen Gage Amore shadows Frank Pride and Anne Nelson as they travel the same […]

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What should the cover look like?

To get the right picture for the book cover, I gave King Ahab a camera and taught him how to use it. Fifty guards surrounded the king at the gate of his headquarters compound. Market day, with the plaza next to the compound full of shoppers, farmers, geese, and donkeys loaded with vegetables. Elijah strode […]

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Elders of the land – 70?

The “elders of the land” (evidently present in Samaria at this time) were the representatives in the northern kingdom of the ancient assembly of the “elders of Israel,” existing from the time of Moses downwards as a senate, having power not only of advice, but of concurrence, in relation to the Judge or King. (See Exodus […]

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Jordan Valley Birds

Sorry for the late reply. I do have two half-post that deals with birding in the Jordan River Valley, which can be seen here: The second half of this post: The first half of this post: There is definitely room for more posts on the matter. And, to address you choice, there are owls in […]

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Capital in Jezreel or Samaria?

where was Ahab’s capital? Fort Jezreel or Samaria? Was Samaria only a summer retreat? Why a palace in Samaria and in Jezreel? [what cities did Ben-hadad Sr. steal from Omri? Does Ahab still rule the Valley? 1 Kngs. 15:20 Ben-hadad agreed with King Asa and …conquered Ijon, Dan, Abel Beth Maakah and all Kinnereth in addition to […]

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Bleach in the sky

  A bubbler returns Stars disappeared one by one. Rocks and trees took shape in the morning mist. When he completed his huge circle and poked his head out onto the road again, bleach had hit the sky and washed away the last bit of night.   Gwen:  “I don’t think they had bleach back […]

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The race

Uncle Marvin’s line almost made it into the “When to boast” chapter. Jephunneh fell in beside an old man leading a donkey with clusters of pots, shovels, and axes tied on the packsaddle. “The Lord be with you, sir.” “The Lord bless you, young man.” The man narrowed his eyes. “Fine day for the race.” […]

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Dead Sea Scrolls

Why didn’t Elijah stop and see the Dead Sea scrolls? He and Nathan went right by Qumran. They even had a discussion at the turnoff:   At the Qumran intersection, Elijah stopped. “So, why am I still going south?” He looked across the Dead Sea and up the turnoff to Qumran. Then back up the road to Jericho. […]

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Fluffy towels

“Shillem tossed in an armload of dry clothes with two big fluffy towels, and Elijah and Nathan rubbed off the cold rain.”   “Sounds delightful, but did they really have fluffy towels back then?” – Pam Green

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God’s voice vs. Satan’s

God’s voice:                                       Satan’s voice: stills                                                     rushes reassures                                             frightens leads                                                    pushes enlightens                                            confuses forgives                                               condemns calms                                                   stresses encourages                                          discourages comforts                                              worries

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Lunge for the slaver?

How should Elijah’s dad have handled the slaver? Jump up fighting? Make a lunge for his knife? “I’m so sorry to say this, but I didn’t find this realistic at all. If my child was being held seconds from death, I would be hard-pressed to play ‘dominant’ and approach. Not without a sure reason I […]

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To rescue girls or not?

Should Elijah, Nathan, and their dad try to rescue the slave girls on the King’s Highway or not? “Man, I’m disappointed in Elijah. These little girls chained in misery, and he’s rubbing a little nick. I thought he had purposely positioned his donkeys in the way of the camels and girls to confront them, but […]

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Thickets of the Jordan

Ch. 29 A few miles upstream from Jericho Elijah followed Nathan into the reeds. Nathan handed him chunks of Shillem’s bread and cheese. “What will you do in the thickets of the Jordan?4 We will hide.”   ‎Jeremiah 12:5 about 600 BC (!) Maybe do a Bunny Trail exploring if Jeremiah used a popular phrase.

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Did Elijah blaspheme?

“What’s the matter with you, Lord? [Too insulting to the Lord.] Why don’t you bring your finger down here and smush those slavers?” Elijah opened the gate to the donkey pen. Streaks of light shot over the hill east of the vines. The feed trays held small drifts of hay, and the narrow stream through the […]

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Why do you use nicknames and short titles? Because this is fiction, not history, not Bible. The historians who wrote Kings and Chronicles used full names and titles like Elijah, Nathan, and Father. This fiction mixes in Lijah, Nate, and Dad. Yes, short names do make them sound undignified at times. And they’re okay with […]

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The grandfather of the local raven family flew into Jabesh and perched high in the city’s tallest tree while his flock hid among the leaves. The smell of fresh bread drifted up. He called and pointed his beak toward an open window. A young bird with a pink mouth swooped in, picked up a pita […]

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Now what?

What should Elijah do? Up on the ridge, Elijah hid in the bushes with Nathan beside him. In the village below, two men in black tunics came out of the tiny Tishbe bakery munching on fresh bread. Their left shoulders bore the pink insignia of the Kronos idol spitting flames. The Tishbe potter headed toward […]

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Crested_Lark copy


I searched for songbirds in Israel and found this delightful blog. So I emailed, “Can you please tell me what bird songs might have been heard near Jabesh of Gilead in the time of Elijah?” 20 minutes later: Hello Dave, It’s quite hard to be sure of the local avian population, especially without giving a […]

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Coins — small, flat, (usually) round pieces of metal used to buy and sell, came into the Middle East a few centuries after Elijah. confirms that there were no coins as early as 870, just chunks or ingots. This one is much more superficial, but with some useful information. Keep in mind that references in […]

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Molech_babylon 2

Moloch מלכ

The first author in the Bible who condemned child sacrifice wrote in Leviticus 18:21. Many others followed. Assuming Jezebel from Sidon influenced Ahab’s worship of Baal, Ahab’s method of child sacrifice could have followed this 4th Century BC description from Sidon . There stands in their midst a bronze statue of Kronos, its hands extended […]

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Kronos Cleitarchus = Clitarchus = Kleitarchos (ca. 310-300 BC) This writer was one of the popular biographers of Alexander, and wrote ca. 310-300 BC. His words are found in the Scholia to Plato’s Republic, I, 337A (ed. Bekker, vol. 9, p.68): Κλείταρχος δέ φησι τοὺς Φοίνικας, καὶ μάλιστα Καρχηδονίους, τὸν Κρόνον τιμῶντας, ἐπάν τινος μεγάλου κατατυχεῖν σπεύδωσιν, εὔχεσθαι […]

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Well of Harod ein-harod-A


Judges 7:1 …Gideon, and all the people that were with him, rose up early, and pitched beside the well of Harod…. Have you seen the Well of Harod? Please tell us about it. Nathan waited for Elijah at the Well of Harod. The Well of Harod How does Harod look today? Send a picture.

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Yom Teruah יְוֹם תְּרוּעָה “day of shouting or blasting.” “In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall ye have a sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, an holy convocation. Ye shall do no servile work therein: but ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord.” Leviticus 23:24, 25  

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Modern language

Please let me know if words don’t fit the period. I know better than to ask Elijah to discuss helicopters or syringes. But “munchies” and “certifiable” did slip into early drafts. My friend, Ava, says I jolt her with “literary whiplash.” So, I try to avoid words that do not fit the era. Partly to keep from […]

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By the rivers of Babylon – Psalm 137:1-6

By the rivers of Babylon, there we sat down, yea, we wept, when we remembered Zion. We hanged our harps upon the willows in the midst thereof. For there they that carried us away captive required of us a song; and they that wasted us required of us mirth, saying, Sing us one of the songs of Zion. How shall […]

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Jair, buried in Kamon

On their way out of Gilead, at sundown, Elijah and Nathan, stopped in a grove outside Kamon, where the judge, Jair, was buried. “… Jair of Gilead, who led Israel twenty-two years. He had thirty sons, who rode thirty donkeys. They controlled thirty towns in Gilead, which to this day are called Havvoth Jair. When Jair died, he was buried […]

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  Shibboleth – pronounced shibboleth (שִׁבֹּלֶת) east of the river, but pronounced sibboleth (סִבֹּלֶת) west of the river. Read the story in the book of Judges, Chapters 11-12 It happened in 1097 BC, about 223 years before Elijah first talked with King Ahab, about 874 BC    

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Tishbe - Elijah the Tishbite from Tishbe lived in the region of Gilead, home of the two Israeli tribes Gad and Manasseh.

Jabbock River

Here Elijah’s ancestor Jacob met Esau and struggled with the angel. He crossed the Jabbok on his way from Haran into Canaan. The Jabbok flows west into the Sukkot Valley across from Shechem. The biblical cities of Zaretan and Adam lie at the mouth of this valley. This river separated the territory of Reuben and […]

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Jabesh City Jabesh (YAH-besh יבש) was a town on the east bank of the Jordan River, overlooking the Yarmuk River from the top of one of the many green hills of Gilead. People in Jabesh could look across the Jordan River and see the city of Beth-shan on the west bank. Jabesh-Gilead Wiki King Saul in 1 […]

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What did Elijah wear under that moth-eaten old goatskin? In 871 BC, the closest thing to a modern shirt was the tunic or כֻּתֹּנֶת koo-TOE-net. Most hung from neck to ankles and tied at the throat. Anat Harrel gave me a heads up. “The proper pronunciation of tunic in Hebrew is koo-toe-net — koo as […]

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How long would it take Obadiah to go from Jezreel City up to Samaria City? I emailed Anat Harrel. “Let me try to answer that. There is no Jezreel City today. Do you mean Tel Jezreel? The archaeological site where Ahab’s city stood? Today you can barely see any ruins, not much left. “It is […]

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In a world where not everything that glitters is gold, who can we trust to help children? We trust the people of In Better Hands because Walt and Wanda Schulz go to help them in person and send them money. I grew up with Wanda (nee Brugger) Schulcz in Spring Arbor, Michigan, and Vickie lived across the street from Walt […]

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​​Milkah מִלְכָּ֔ה in the Bible means “counsel.” The first Milkah was the wife of Nahor, Abraham’s brother. See Genesis 11:29 and 22:20. She was the grandmother of beautiful Rebekah who married Isaac, the long-awaited promised son of Abraham. The next Milkah was the daughter of Zelophehad. Numbers 26:33 and 27:11. She and her sisters — Mahlah, Noah, Hoglah, […]

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